Logic built-in self-test, or LBIST, is a means whereby an integrated circuit tests the integrity of its own circuitry. LBIST operates by exercising the integrated circuit logic and then detecting if the logic behaved as intended. In practice, an integrated circuit with LBIST has special test circuits embedded for generating the stimulus and detecting the response.

LBIST is one of several approaches to Design For Test. It is one of numerous types of built-in self-test.

There are many implementations of LBIST, but almost all depend on generation of a pseudo-random sequence as stimulus for the design, while the response to this stimulus is captured in a MISR (Multiple Input Shift Register). This MISR is used to generate a "signatureā€¯. This signature is unique in the sense that each failure in the device would lead to a different value at the end of the whole process.

LBIST is similar to memory built-in self-test (MBIST) in that both test digital structures on an integrated circuit. MBIST tends to be of much simpler construction because a memory consisted of many repetitions of a single (memory) structure. LBIST, on the other hand, typically tests a wide range of logic structures wired in a highly randomized fashion, and so requires more complex test circuitry.

The utility of LBIST has long been debated throughout the VLSI industry due to its random approach to generating stimulus. LBIST has been taken over in most cases by Automatic Test Pattern Generation, where the stimulus exercises the circuit in a more deterministic fashion.


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